Rwanda’s recent development has been supported by the rule of law; laws that ensure human progress without any antagonism from any institutions but, instead, work in harmony to ensure every Rwandan enjoy their rights, activities and welfare all protected by the law.
Sustained revision of Laws, orders and regulations, where necessary, has been carried out and new ones enacted to align them with contemporary situations in the interest of Rwanda and Rwandans for accelerated political, social, economic and financial development.
Among the activities carried out are; establishment of the Rwanda National Law Reform and is being reformed to cater for legal drafting and translation functions, while a total of 281 laws have been promulgated and published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Rwanda, posted on the website of the Office of the Prime Minister immediately after their promulgation and communicated to the public
The laws impacting on economy, social wellbeing, culture and education have, especially, been harmonized so that Rwanda benefits from the EAC Common market Protocol. Most of the Rwandan laws and regulations have been harmonized with EAC laws while the laws in pipeline are; the sale of Goods Bill; the Partnership Bill and the Draft law of contract.
The law establishing Mediation Committee was revised and the material competence of mediators increased from goods with value of 3 million to 5 million. At the Ministry of Justice, a department was created to coordinate activities of mediation committee with one MAJ staff in charge of coordinating mediation committee activities at District level.
The government of Rwanda has not relented on fighting all negative forces; wherever they are based.
Cooperation between security organs has been enhanced by joint efforts on sharing information regarding suspicious of subversive activities and an extended I-24/7 Interpol Database System in the fight and prevention of globalization of crimes and track terrorist threats is in place;
Rwanda security officers are regularly trained and equipped to be able to curb any national security threat.
The JOC daily activities and operations are well-coordinated and information of security nature is disseminated accordingly and participate in initiatives and activities that restore peace and security (peacekeeping) in the region and in other Countries (internationally).
Capacity building for the Rwanda National Police, Anti-terrorism Unit, Rwanda Correctional Services, Administrative Police and streamlining community policing operations has been enhanced to lower the criminal rates.
The Reserve Force participates in ensuring security of persons and their property in villages where they live and an anti-terrorism unit was established in RNP and a Counter terrorism Unit was created in RDF while District Administrative Security Support Organ was established at District level to cater for daily local security needs.
To streamline cooperation between Rwanda National Police and Private Security companies in Rwanda, RNP conducts regular trainings with private security companies, deploys various patrols in security sensitive places for quick reaction to any insecurity incident and toll free numbers are regularly maintained for those in need of service. RNP also procured One Aerial Apparatus, one Freight Career, one Recovery Truck and one Excavator machine to enhance its intervention capacity and capabilities.
To promote cyberspace security, a law on high-tech Cyber Crime was approved by Parliament and Government Security Architecture document was prepared and is being implemented up to 2018. Several training and awareness campaigns for cyber security were conducted nationwide and across institutions while physical construction of Internet Security center was completed.
A Department of cyberspace crimes has been created in RNP structure and a cyber security operation center is being established in the Ministry of Defense. Members of the team have already been recruited and a cyber security policy is being developed.
In order to fight illegal possession and use of firearms and weapons, all firearms of RNP, RCS, RDB-Park wardens and Private Security companies were marked and all old rifles, magazines and various ammunitions were destroyed. Staff Officers from Arms and Ordinance Unit attended an “Integrated store & Logistics Management course” while Police Officers also attended a course on Physical Security on Stockpile Management and explosives (PSSM) in Kenya.
Police Officers from different RNP units attended a course on Basic and Ordnance Stockpile management. The database of Small Arms and Light Weapons is daily updated.
Rwanda continues to take part in Peace keeping missions in Africa and across the World and today, Rwandan Army, Police, RCS and Civilians are deployed in Darfur, Republic of Sudan; South Sudan, Central African Republic, Haiti, Ivory Coast and Sierra Leone.
Besides, Rwanda plays its role in the establishment of the EASF and has already committed a battalion of 800 special forces as well as participating in UN mission in Mali.
Fast response teams have been established in disaster prone districts of Burera, Musanze, Nyabihu and Rubavu, all supported by a Disaster Management Policy is in place. To ensure efficiency, Disaster High Risk Zones and prone areas have been identified and mapped with disaster contingency plans for fire and landslides developed in collaboration with disaster executive committee members.
Early Warning Disaster Communication Systems are also established right from National level at the National Meteorological Center to Sector levels, working with Districts and Sector Disaster Management Committees (DDMCs and SDMCs).
Research on Landslide and Floods have been conducted and findings are available and used for disaster mitigation, most of which are implemented by 573 stakeholders of different categories that have so far been trained on Early Warning Systems.
The stakeholders include groups of people from Gishwati local community ( heads of cells and villages from Nyabihu, Ngororero and Rutsiro Districts and 13 and SDMCs training workshops from sectors around GISHWATI Natural reserve forest on EWS and use of EWS information for disaster preparedness in four pilot districts namely.
Demobilized soldiers have been facilitated to get skills that are enabling them to live a decent life. To this effect, 2,773 disabled and categorized ex-combatants receive health insurance (mutuelle de santé) and medical care related support while 2,704 ex-combatants have so far graduated in vocational and apprenticeship training as part of Socio- Economic Reintegration. To further support their welfare, a total of 587 houses have been constructed for demobilized ex-combatants.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is playing a significant role in international organisations with the aim of protecting interests of Rwanda. Joint efforts with regional and international communities have therefore been married towards achieving the same.
Joint meetings on due diligence in Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten and Gold took place in Kigali; the 7th Extraordinary Summit of ICGLR Heads of State and Government on the security situation in Eastern DRC took place in Kampala; the 3rd JPC between Rwanda and the Republic of Congo was held and Agreements were signed in ICT, Health, Sports and Culture, Correctional Services, among others and a meeting to revive CEPGL projects between CEPGL Council of Ministers was held in Bujumbura where it was decided that Ministers of Energy take effective measures to manage the Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries Organization for Energy.
Rwanda has also continued to participate in the EAC integration activities and protocol implementation, AU, Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF), Northern Corridor Partner States (Rwanda, Kenya and Uganda) projects, among others.
Other activities have included signing of MoU between Eastern Africa Standby Force Coordination Mechanism (EASFCOM) and the Rwanda Peace Academy (RPA); holding the Sub-Saharan Africa Executive Policing Conference in Rwanda; signing defense and security pacts between the GoR and the Governments of Kenya and Uganda and deploying Rwanda Peacekeepers in different Countries.
To ensure that the local and international media have access to credible information about Rwanda, the government has streamlined dissemination of information about the country.
The Office of Government Spokesperson was established and staffed; use of social media has been intensified and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation holds diplomatic briefings with Ambassadors and high commissioners accredited to Rwanda, whenever necessary.
Publicising Rwanda’s brand image through tourists, Diaspora, media and research centres has been done through MICE, organizing Rwanda days in USA, Canada, Belgium and UK; big events coverage such as Kwibuka, Liberation and annual Kwita Izina ceremony.
MINAFFET together with RDB regularly disseminate promotional materials through Embassies as a way of promoting investment and tourism.
Also promoted to great heights are; good relations with African countries especially those in the Central and West Africa; good neighbourliness with friendly countries and opening up new embassies and consulates in those countries where Rwanda has major interests which saw four New Embassies opened in Russia (Moscow), Turkey (Ankara), Nigeria (Abuja) and Senegal, among others.
MINAFET and other stakeholders have promoted trade and common market between Rwanda and other countries for the Foreign Direct Investments (FDI’s) and an organ in charge of Rwandan Diaspora was established to sensitise those in Diaspora to invest in Rwanda, participate in national development, and enlighten all Rwandan and Foreign opposition of Rwanda’s new policies,
The implementation of the Cessation Clause for Rwandan Refugees also began in June 2013 as recommended by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This recommendation applies to Rwandan refugees who fled the country between 1959 and December 31, 1998. To date, sensitization Campaigns have been conducted in different host countries and refugees facilitated to return home and reintegration programmes conducted.