Providing infrastructure facilities to refine Rwanda’s development path and pace

Kivuwatt methane gas power plant.

Introduction

The Ministry of Infrastructure has continuously supported the development of back-end infrastructure that has provided an increasingly firmer foundation for development for the country over the last 7 years. In order to achieve the desired development impact of the 7-Year Government Program, the Government of Rwanda adopted and implemented sound, comprehensive national policies, strategies and plans capable of adapting to dynamic factors such as economic and population growth, natural resources constraints and dispersed settlement patterns.

The performance in the key areas over the last 7 years feeds into the targets that were set in the 7-Year Government Program (by 2017) and other key objectives as outlined in the long-term national programs such as Vision 2020, EDPRS II, Sector Strategic Plan and other national priorities.

 

1484038628electricity pole
Electricity generation capacity increased from 98MW in 2010 to 190 MW by October 2016.

Energy sector: powering the nation

Access to safe, reliable and cost effective energy is essential to achieve the levels of growth defined in the national strategic documents.

Energy is a critical productive sector that can catalyse broader economic growth and contribute significantly to the achievement of the country’s ambitious socioeconomic transformation agenda.

It is projected that by 2018, the installed electricity generation capacity will be 563MW, and access to electricity nationwide will reach 70% (48% on-grid and 22% off-grid), with priority to the electrification of economic areas.

 

Generation of and access to electricity

Over the last 7 years, more efforts in the energy sector have been directed towards diversified butbalanced power production and supply to meet the national targets. As a result, electricity generation capacity increased from 98MW in 2010 to 190 MW by October 2016.

This resulted in a rapid increase in electricity access whereby grid connections through the government’s Electricity Access Roll-out Programme (EARP) and related initiatives increased from about 110,000 households in 2010 to 590,000 households by August 2016. On average, 75,000 new households have been added to the grid each year for the past five years. This is an increase in electricity access from 10.8% in 2011 to 24.3% on grid and 2.6% off-grid by 2016.

The implemented and completed projects that contributed to this achievement include:

  • Nyabarongo Hydro-Electric Power Plant, 28MW: Plant commissioned in November 2014 and fully operational at 28MW.
  • An 8.5MW solar project constructed by GigaWatt Global is operational in Rwamagana district.
  • In the period July 2011-June 2014, a total of 14.338MW from 13 micro-hydropower plants (Nkora, Cyimbili, Keya, Mazimeru, Musarara, Janja, Mukungwa II, Nyirabuhombohombo, Nyabahanga, Nshili I, Gashashi, Rukarara II and Giciye I) have been commissioned. For efficient management of these plants, the Government of Rwanda on 5th August 2015 approved the leasing of 15 MHPPs and the concession of 7 others.
  • Giciye II micro-hydropower plant (4MW) was commissioned in May 2016.
  • KivuWatt phase1 (energy production from methane gas in Lake Kivu) has been commissioned in December 2015 and is now operational with 25MW.
  • Another 23MW(15MW Gishoma which is under commissioning, 8MW Kivuwatt) will be added this financial year 2016/17, increasing electricity generation from the current 190 MW to 213 MW.
  • Street lighting: in the 7 years from 2010 to 2016, street lighting has been installed on a length of 464.5km, reaching a total length of 634.9km covered by street lamps today compared to 170.4km in 2010, which is an increase of 272.6%.
1484038832methane gas
KivuWatt phase1 is now operational with 25MW.

To improve the quality of power supply and reduce losses, a number of transmission lines and related substations were constructed and others are under construction to allow power evacuation and trade across the region. These also include regional interconnection lines such as the 220kV transmission lines Mirama-Birembo (Uganda-Rwanda); Karongi – Rubavu – Goma transmission line; the feasibility studies for the 220kV line Kigoma – Huye – Ngozi – Gitega (Rwanda-Burundi); and the feasibility studies for the 220kV line Rusumo – Shango (Tanzania-Rwanda).

There are major projects in the pipeline that will substantially increase the current installed capacity. These include the 50MW Symbion (methane gas to power), the 80MW Hakan (peat to power), and regional projects such as 80MW Rusumo and 147MW Rusizi III that are in advanced stages. In addition, there are 7privately owned hydropower plants with a total capacity of 16MW that are under construction, with commercial operation dates planned in the very near future.

 

Solar energy generation

Energy sources were also diversified and the following achievements were recorded:

  • An 8.5MW solar project constructed by GigaWatt Global is operational in Rwamagana district.
  • In January 2016, the Government of Rwanda signed an agreement with Ignite Power Ltd, a Mauritian firm, for the implementation of a rural off-grid stand-alone solar electrification project.
  • 50 health centres and 300 schools were equipped with solar photo-voltaic panels.
  • Energy-saving bulbs are being used for street lighting on the main roads. This saved energy and contributed to environmental protection.
  • 2,022 solar water heaters have been installed.

In order to reduce high consumption of biomass, mainly in the form of firewood and charcoal, to achieve the long-term target of reducing wood consumption from 94% to 50% by 2018, 6,188 biogas digesters were constructed for both households and institutions; improved cooking stoves dissemination was done and completed at 70% countrywide and production units were constructed in 15 districts; and trainings was given on the construction of biogas digesters. Furthermore, an awareness campaign on the use of LPG is ongoing countrywide with the main focus on cities and peri-urban areas.  

For security purposes and effective use of fuel,storage facilities were constructed and the strategic reserve storage capacity reached 72 million litres by June 2016 from 31 million litres in 2012. In partnership with the private sector, there are plans to install an additional 60 million litres of fuel storage this financial year. This is being done to ensure that there is at least a reserve margin of 3 months.

 

Policies and strategies frameworks

The following policies and strategies were approved in the energy sector over the last 5 years:

  • The Rwanda Energy Policy (REP) and Energy Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) were approved by the Cabinet in March 2015.
  • The Rwanda Energy Investment Plan was approved in November 2015 by the Scaling up Renewable Energy Plan (SREP) Subcommittee.
  • The Rural Electrification Strategy (RES) was approved by the Cabinet on 27th April 2016.
  • The Sustainable Energy for All Action Agenda (SE4All) was officially launched during the Rwanda Energy Infrastructure Forum (iPAD) held on 1st November 2016. The Action Agenda highlights the country’s plans to achieve universal electricity access with a combination of both grid extension and off-grid solutions for the most isolated areas. Rwanda also intends to achieve universal access to clean cooking solutions by 2030, with 100% share of sustainable biomass and reducing the share of charcoal in urban areas.

 

Transport sector

The transport sector is critical for achieving inclusive growth, and is positively linked to growth in agriculture, industry and services. A key assignment of the transport sector was to develop an integrated multi-modal transport system while ensuring economy, safety, and environmental sustainability, among other things. To achieve this objective, the sector set ambitious targets and directed all efforts and strategies to achieving those goals.

 

Road transport

This sector registered incredible achievements as evidenced by key performance indicators and implemented projects. This impacted positively on Rwanda’s social and economic development, and brought a significant change in the lives of Rwandans.

The table below illustrates the transport sector’s achievements on the targets for key performance indicators.

No

Indicator

Baseline 2012

Current status

Target by 2017/18

Performance

in %

1

Km of feeder roads upgraded to gravel roads

71.6

1,507

2,550

59%

2

Paved roads network

1,172

1,492

1,852

80.5%

3

% of national paved roads in good condition

95.6%

95.5%

95%

100.5%

4

% of national roads in good condition (both paved and unpaved)

63.2

71.4%

80

89.2%

5

% of national unpaved roads in good condition

40.6

48%

70

68.6%

6

% of District class 1 roads in good condition

37

53

60

88.3%

 

The table above shows that road conditions and riding quality improved considerably over the last 5 years; the riding quality on the classified roads network (both paved and unpaved) reached 71.4% in 2016 from 63% in 2012; the paved roads network was for 95% in good condition in recent years due to periodic maintenance and rehabilitation activities undertaken which is commendable for the next periods.

1484039029secondary roads
The paved roads network was extended to 1,492km from 1,172k.

The paved roads network was extended to 1,492km from 1,172km, and 1,436km of feeder roads were constructed to facilitate market access for rural farmers. Though the performance for feeder roads seems to be a bit behind schedule, the target is expected to be met since in the remaining 2 years about 1,000km will be constructed.

 

Key detailed sector achievements

Completed road-upgrading projects include:

  • Kivu Belt Lot 3 Ntendezi-Mwityazo (51km) and Lot 4 & 5 Mwityazo-Karongi (66km); Access road to Tumba College (9.5km); Cimerwa-Bugarama (10km); Access road to Bushenge hospital (3km).
  • 106km of tarmac and stone-paved roads in the City of Kigali: 78.01km were constructed, which include Kinyinya road, KCC roads, Kabuga-Masaka road, Kanombe-Kibaya road, Free Economic Zone roads, Kanombe deviation, etc.
  • 100 Km of tarmac and stone-paved roads in other towns:65.3km were constructed in different urban areas of Huye, Rusizi, Rubavu, Gicumbi, Musanze, Nyanza, etc.

Ongoing road upgrading projects include Kivu belt: Lot 6 (Rubengera-Gisiza (24km) & Lot 7 (Gisiza-Pfunda (44 km) which are planned to be completed by June 2017; Base-Rukomo Road Upgrading Project (51 Km); Base-Butaro-Kidaho Road Project (63km).

Road upgrading projects in pipeline include: Ngoma-Bugesera-Nyanza (130km); Rukomo-Nyagatare (73km); Huye-Kibeho (68km);Kagitumba-Kayonza-Rusumo (208km);City of Kigali ring road project (80km);Upgrading City of Kigali road network project (54.5Km);Bugesera express way (40km).

Rehabilitation projects implemented: The full rehabilitation was done and completed on the following projects: Kigali-Gatuna (77.8km), Kigali-Musanze (83km), Rusizi-Ntendezi-Nyamagabe (63km), Karongi-Rubengera (17km). This represents a total of 240.8km fully rehabilitated. 

Rehabilitation road projects in pipeline include: Huye-Kitabi (53km), Kagitumba-Kayonza-Rusumo (208km), Kigali-Muhanga-Huye-Akanyaru (157km).

 

Road maintenance

Multi-year maintenance was continuously carried out on the following roads: Ngororero-Mukamira (55km), Rusumo-Kayonza (92km), Kayonza-Kagitumba (116km), Muhanga-Karongi (78km), Rusizi-Bugarama (38.4km), Musanze-Rubavu (67 km), Kicukiro-Nemba (61 km), Kigali-Huye-Akanyaru (157km).

In particular, for this fiscal year (2016/17), a total of261km of national paved roads rehabilitation is under implementation targeting to reach 10% of total works by June 2016, and 104km of unpaved roads will be upgraded to paved roads; 76.9km of national unpaved roads will be maintained; 513.8km national paved roads will be maintained; 10.4km of urban roads will be upgraded to paved roads and 10km of roads will be constructed to support private sector development; 490.31km of feeder roads will be added to 1507km, totalling 1,997.31km against 2,040 km targeted as per 2016/17 target.

 

Air transport
1484040488Kigali International Airport
  Kigali International Airport (KIA) was renovated.

Huge investments have been made to modernize the airports system and airspace.

  • Renovation of KIA: Kigali International Airport (KIA) was renovated to cope with exponential traffic growth and provide customer comfort, security and convenience. This saw the KIA Presidential terminal refurbished and the car park expansion completed; Airfield ground lighting system upgraded; Installation of a bird hazard collision avoidance system completed; Construction of a new taxiway, a partial parallel taxiway and apron to the south completed.
  • Extension of Kamembe and Gisenyi Airports: Runway resurfacing at Kamembe was completed and a lighting system upgrade is ongoing; for Gisenyi Airport, an expansion study which considered a runway length of 2000m was completed and the expropriation process is ongoing.
  • Construction of NBIA: On September 1, 2016, The Ministry of Infrastructure and Mota-Engil, Engenharia e Construção África, S.A., a Portuguese firm, signed a major deal to begin construction of the National Bugesera International Airport (NBIA) project costing $818 million.

The first phase of the project, worth $418 million, is scheduled to be completed by December 2018. The facility will have a capacity to receive 1.7 million passengers every year, more than three times the capacity of Kigali international Airport.

Laying of boundaries for NBIA was completed and the expropriation process 99% complete. Preliminary construction works are ongoing.

  • 1484040995Airbus A330-330
    RwandAir recently acquired a new Airbus A330-200.
    The government was able to establish a formidable national airline RwandAir that has established itself among the best airlines in the business in the region and in Africa. With only 5 aircrafts in 2010, the fleet of the carrier has expanded to more than 10 aircraft with the recent additions of new state-of-the-art Boeings and Airbuses. RwandAir recently acquired a new Airbus A330-200 and Boeing 737-800NG. Delivery of the Airbus A330-200 is expected before the end of November 2016 and of the Boeing 737-800NG in May 217.
  • Various new routes were opened by RwandAir (Lusaka in Zambia, Juba in South Sudan, Abidjan in Côte d'Ivoire, Cotonou in Benin, etc.). Currently RwandAir has 19 destinations, and the company is planning to add more with a focus on Africa, Europe, Asia and USA. This expansion saw passengers’ numbers increase from 314,901 in 2010 to 585,875 in 2016.

 

Railway transport

Isaka-Kigali railway (494 Km): The final contract negotiations took place in Dar es Salaam on 13th July, 2016. The draft contract was sent to MINIJUST for legal opinion on 20th July 2016. Transaction and advisory services contract has been extended and RFP will be received in December 2016.

 

Inland water transport

The study for the development of ports on Lake Kivu was completed and the Tender Document (TD) for works for pilot port in Western Province is available. AfDB and TMEA are interested in Ports development.

 

Regional Transport initiatives

4 modern one-stop border posts (OSBPs) were constructed at Kagitumba, Rusumo, Nemba, and Ruhwa, and works to construct Gatuna, Rubavu and Bweye border post are ongoing.

 

Public transport

 

1484041167Kigali bus park
The new bus park in Kigali city centre.

Bus shelters constructed:

On asphalt roads, including Kivu belt lot 4&5, Karongi urban roads and City of Kigali roads, a total of 82 bus shelters were completed. The plan is to have shelters on at least 300 bus stops planned on the road network.

Bus Parks:

20 bus parks were constructed countrywide: Nyanza-Kicukiro, Giporoso, Nyabugogo, Kimironko, Kabuga, Muhanga, Nyanza, Huye, Nyamagabe, Ruhango, Gicumbi, Rusizi, Rubavu, Mukamira, Ngororero, Musanze, Kayonza, Nyagatare, Ngoma, Nyakarambi and Nyamata.

 

Urbanization and rural settlement sector

Rwanda faces rapid population growth and high population density which requires a holistic approach to human settlement and housing development for a better positioning in the future. Therefore, Rwanda has taken steps to plan ahead and master its urbanization, human settlement and housing through policy formulation and strategies implementation. The overall goal of the adopted policies and strategies is to promote planned urbanization and human settlement development that enhances local and national economic growth and ensures good quality of life for every Rwandan.

 

Policies and legal frameworks

Appropriate policies, legal and institutional frameworks for housing and urban development have been established to foster a system and a network of viable human settlements. In the last 7 years, Rwanda has developed a framework to guide urbanization and human settlement in a way that efficiently uses and manages its natural resources while promoting sustainable development.

In 2011, the Law No.20/2011 of 21/06/2011 governing human habitation in Rwanda was adopted and gazetted. It governs land occupation and construction on land reserved for human habitation, and makes way for group settlement sites with required infrastructure provision. 

The Law No.10/2012 of 02/05/2012 governing Urban Planning and Building in Rwanda was adopted; it stipulates the basic conditions and regulations governing planning and building management.

Rwanda adopted a National Urbanization Policy in 2015, with a view of coordinated and integrated planning for viable urban environments. Each District started articulating this into its local economic development strategy, district development plan and annual plans.

Rwanda has also adopted National Housing Policy by 2015 to enable access to housing for all, and its implementation strategy is in process.

Furthermore, Prime Minister’s Instructions determining the Conditions and Procedures for Obtaining Government Support for Affordable Housing Projects were adopted. These envisage providing financial support to private investors in affordable housing.

 

Affordable Housing

In the context of accelerated urban development, it was found that a top priority for the Government should be to ensure access to formal housing for all households independent of their income levels.

The Government currently engages in a housing development through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for sustainable, mixed-use housing, neighbourhood development, similar to a pilot project tested in 2007/08 in Batsinda-1. So far, 2 projects were successfully approved by the National Affordable Housing Approval Committee established in 2015 in accordance with the above mentioned Prime Minister’s Instructions: Batsinda 2 and Kabuga (which is a project implemented by Abadahigwa cooperative).

1484041305affordable housing
It was found that a top priority for the Government should be to ensure access to formal housing for all households independent of their income levels.

The implementation of the Batsinda-2 project with 537 housing units for low- to middle-income households is underway, with infrastructure provision estimated at 20% progress. More sites in Kigali and in the Secondary Cities are open for investment in affordable, mixed-use development, which envisions to assist residents to improve their socioeconomic conditions thanks to the proximity of local economic opportunities.

Currently 257.5 ha for affordable housing (in City of Kigali and Secondary cities) are open for investors to develop, and more than 3,600 units are planned to be constructed in collaboration with private investors in Batsinda, Rugarama, Ndera, Abadahigwa and Kabuga.

Other initiatives in progress focus on housing finance to enable large-scale construction and simultaneously facilitate households to access finance. To this end, The Rwanda Development Bank (BRD) has prepared the introduction of mortgage-backed securities to deliver affordable finance and make a bigger variety of financing products available to households. The business plan of BRD also includes investment into a Real Estate Investment Trust as a major shareholder, to be created to facilitate large-scale housing construction. The BRD prepares a residential credit line, enforced by the sourcing of USD 200 million in Rwandan francs for lending to qualified mortgage originators, as well as construction finance in support of developers. 

 

Secondary Cities’ development

Under EDPRS2, six secondary cities were identified as poles of economic growth to promote investment in priority sectors, off-farm job creation and a green-economy approach driven by private sector and to avoid pressure on peri-urban areas of the City of Kigali and urban sprawl, and provide socio-economic opportunities.

Subsequent to this, MININFRA intensified efforts to ensure a managed increase in urbanization through the development of these cities by providing basic infrastructure (water, electricity and access roads) and developing and implementing detailed layout plans of the selected cities. Currently, plot servicing was done in 6 secondary cities where 49.3km of roads were constructed.

To date, all secondary cities implement local investment packages to address the needed improvements to be able to accommodate the increasing urban population, and provide a favourable environment for local economic development. Investments totalling USD 80 million of infrastructure development under a USD 95 million World Bank loan was secured for the Rwanda Urban Development Project (RUDP).

A National Road Map for Green Secondary City Development has been launched and a pilot green neighbourhood project in Kinyinya Hill and a Green Building Organization was launched in 2016, which will help to establish a Rwandan Green Building Certification. Furthermore, directives for culturally appropriate urban development that respects the reading of the site in its context, and preserves local small-scale economic activities and built heritage, were discussed.

 

Rural Settlement

By the year 2018, the Government targets that 70% of the rural population lives in well planned and well serviced human settlements. Therefore, the Government intensified efforts to establish well-planned and well-managed rural settlements, including a framework for sustainable growth with a view to prevent further informal growth.

This led to about 56% of the rural population living in grouped and integrated human settlements by 2016. This was a result of model villages constructed in various districts (recently implemented in 4 secondary cities Muhanga, Huye, Rubavu and Rusizi, and 1 in Rweru with 104 dwelling units) and the relocation of households from scattered areas and high-risk zones. For instance, 60,136 households living in scattered settlements and high-risk zones were relocated including 104 households that were moved from Mazane and Shalita Islands to Rweru in the last year.

Current efforts are directed to scale up the activities in all 30 Districts in Rwanda. Under construction are 120 clustered buildings (4-in-1 and 8-in-1 units), using a model first applied in Rweru.

In addition, upgrading of informal settlements was piloted in two Secondary Cities (Huye and Musanze) whereby roads were upgraded and public lighting put in place, as well as in one site (Agatare) in City of Kigali located in Nyarugenge Sector. This project is extended throughout this fiscal year 2016/17.

 

Making local development management work (District One-Stop Centres)

District One-Stop Centres were officially introduced in 2014 as part of the organizational structure of a District, and entrusted with managing local human settlement and infrastructure development. A One-Stop Centre bundles all activities to manage local physical development, i.e. land management and administration, permitting, infrastructure management and public inspection. The City of Kigali was the first local government with an operational One-Stop Centre, providing organized services to city residents.

In supporting this initiative, a number of tools were introduced, such as an online building permitting system operational so far in Kigali, Musanze and Muhanga, and further expansion is planned in other districts. A national geo-database linking all initiatives and containing all country-wide settlement and infrastructure data has been established as a basis for integrated planning and is operational for use in spatial decision making.

27 District LUDPs elaborated and reports now available; Procurement process for review and elaboration of 6 secondary cities master plans is ongoing.

 

Government assets construction and maintenance
1484041460Kigali Convention Center
Kigali Convention Center.

Rwanda has developed a number of key government asset projects, and PPP’s in public buildings. Among the most notable are the Kigali Convention Centre opened in 2016 and which hosted the 2016 27th African Union Summit in Kigali, as well as the football stadiums Amahoro, Umuganda, Huye and Nyamirambo renovated for the Championship of African Nations (CHAN).

The Ministry of Infrastructure through the Rwanda Housing Authority has carried out refurbishment of the tri-ministerial building accommodating MINALOC, MIFOTRA and the Migration offices. The ministry also rehabilitated the parliamentary building. The government’s aim is to reduce the cost of office rent for government agencies and provide a suitable working environment for the public service.

Ongoing projects are:Construction of Bweyeye border post (currently at 79%); Construction of an Administrative Office Complex which will host the Prime Minister’s Office and seven Ministries with their agencies; Construction of National Archives, Construction of the commercial high court and construction of Rwempasha border post.

 

Water and sanitation

In the national strategic development agenda, water and sanitation projects and programs are vital to increase access to basic infrastructure to both urban and rural households, with the aim of reaching 100% access to clean water and sanitation services nationwide by 2017. 

In this respect, over the last 7 years access to improved water sources increased from 74.2% in 2010 (EICV3) to 88.5% by 2016, based on the EICV4 of 2013/14 and considering the households connected in 2015/16 (423,318 rural and urban connections). 

 

Water production capacity
1484041625water treatment
Four new water treatment plants were constructed from 2010 to 2016.

Four new water treatment plants were constructed since 2010 to 2016 with a combined production capacity of 29,600m3/day .  These are:

  1. Nzove II Water Treatment Plant with 25,000m3/day production capacity to supply drinking water in the City of Kigali.
  2. Gihengeri Water Treatment Plant with 2,500m3/day production capacity to supply water in Gatsibo District.
  3. Nyabimata Water Treatment Plant (1,500m3 /day) and Mata Water Treatment Plant (600m3/day) in Nyaruguru District.
  4. In order to address water shortage and fill the demand gap in Kigali, the government has signed a contract with Culligan International for the upgrading of Nzove II Water Treatment Plant and optimize it to its full capacity of 40,000m3/day; construction of New Nzove I with a production capacity of 40,000m3/day that can be upgraded up to 65,000m3/day; construction of forwarding infrastructure towards Mt. Kigali (4km 600mm ductile pipe, construction and installation of 2 pump houses, construction of 2 reservoirs with 7,000m3 capacity). Construction of a new intake and installation of chlorine production unit are also planned.

Since 2010 to date, six water treatment plants were rehabilitated and upgraded. These include:

  1. Kadahokwa Water Treatment Plant in Huye City was upgraded from 4,000m3/day to 8,500 m3/day production capacity.
  2. Mpanga/Nyanza Water Treatment Plant was upgraded from 1,200m3/day to 3,200 m3/day production capacity.
  3. Nyamabuye/Gicumbi Water Treatment Plant was upgraded from 1,100m3/day to 1,600 m3/day production capacity.
  4. There are 3 water treatment plants under construction under the LVWATSAN II project that are expected to produce 10,210m3/day in Nyanza, Nyagatare and Kayonza district.

It is expected that water production will be increased to 201,000m3/day by 2017/2018 in the CoK and other towns.

 

Water supply infrastructure

2,168 km of new water supply systems were constructed in rural areas to get water to 1,481,680 people.

  1. Through the rural water supply program (PNEARII/Programme National Eau et Assainissement Rural), 447km of water supply systems were constructed in six Districts: Musanze, Rulindo, Gicumbi, Rutsiro,  Karongi and  Nyamasheke.
  2. Through the PEAMER project (rural water supply project in Gatsibo, Nyagatare, Huye, Nyanza, Gisagara, Ruhango, Kamonyi, Rusizi and Nyamasheke), 269 km of water supply systems were constructed to supply water to 158,225 people in these Districts.
  3. Through the PEPAPS project in rural areas, 628 km of water supply systems were constructed to make water available to 298,246 people in Nyaruguru, Gisagara and  Huye Districts.
  4. Through the WASH project in Northern and Western Provinces, 646 km of water supply systems were constructed to bring water to 522,669 people in Burera, Musanze, Nyabihu and Rubavu Districts.
  5. Through the FEA project (Fonds de l’eau et Assainissement), 86 km of water supply system were constructed to supply water to 50,540 people in Nyamagabe and Nyaruguru Districts.
  6. Through the JICA Water Project in Western Province, 92 km of water supply system were constructed to supply water to 63,000 people in Kirehe and Ngoma Districts.

 

Sanitation  

Access to sanitation services has increased from 74.5% in 2010 to 84% in 2015 (according to EICV4 results). Some important sanitation projects implemented are listed below.

  • In the City of Kigali, the dumping site for solid and liquid waste was relocated from Nyanza in Kicukiro District to Nduba in Gasabo District. The Government started negotiations with investors to design and implement a waste-to-energy project.
  • Modern landfills were constructed in Kamonyi, Ruhango, Nyanza, Huye, Nyagatare and Kayonza districts for solid waste collection and management.
  • 15,000 household latrines for vulnerable people were constructed in Ruhango, Muhanga and Nyanza.
  • 34,068 latrines for 9- and 12-year basic education schools and health centers were built.
  • Sanitation master plans were completed in 3 secondary cities.
  • By Hope Magazine
  • Posted 10th January 2017

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