A team of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) which was in Rwanda last week has reached a preliminary agreement with the government on policies that could support completion of the eighth and third reviews of Rwanda’s PSI- and SCF-supported programs, respectively. The agreement is subject to approval by IMF management and executive board, and the latter is expected to consider the reviews in January.
The mission observed that Rwanda’s economy continues to perform well, with strong implementation of its IMF-supported programs.
Growth decelerated over the second half of 2016 and in early 2017 due to a combination of factors including drought, completion of large construction projections, and policy adjustment to address external imbalances. The mission projects a gradual growth recovery during the second half of 2017, owing to good rains and expanding domestic production.
Overall, economic growth in 2017 is expected to be 5.2%, which is still well above growth averages for sub-Saharan Africa. Growth acceleration in the medium term will lead to average growth above 7% over the next three years.
After peaking in early 2017, headline inflation declined to well below the central bank’s 5% headline target as food supply constraints and depreciation pressures receded. By the end of the year, inflation is expected to remain below 5%.
Rwanda’s external trade deficit contracted over the past 18 months, following a strong improvement in exports of goods and a modest reduction in imports. This was partly the result of decisive government policies, in particular greater exchange rate flexibility, public spending restraint and prudent monetary policy.
In addition, the government implemented the ‘Made in Rwanda’ policy to encourage domestic production of goods, especially things such as cement or rice which are largely imported. These efforts have led to an accumulation of foreign exchange reserves by the end of August.
Recent gains in revenue mobilization have tapered off owing to the growth slowdown, tax incentives, and the implementation of the EAC restrictions on second-hand cloths. To reestablish the rising trend in the tax revenue ratio to GDP, the mission encouraged passage of income and property tax laws as soon as possible, and analysis of the effectiveness of various tax incentives.
The IMF-supported programs are on track, with end-June targets met and most structural benchmarks on track. The programs are scheduled to expire in December 2017, and the authorities are expected to request a one-year extension of the PSI-supported program.
The mission met with the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, Claver Gatete; the governor of the National Bank of Rwanda, John Rwangombwa; the Minister of Agriculture and Animal Resources, Gerardine Mukeshimana; and other senior government officials, private sector representatives, civil society organizations, academia, and development partners.